The first printed catalogue of roses is that of Gerard’s garden in Holborn, dated 1596. Sixteen names, in Latin, are listed, all species and variations and sports of species.
The pruning of rose hedges depends largely on the variety of rose grown and the wishes of the grower. R. chinensis can be neatly trimmed like privet to almost any shape, and to any height from three to six feet. Mermaid, Lorraine Lee, Mrs Russell Grimwade, and Busybody can be treated in the same way, but are not quite as easily shaped. In pruning other rose hedges some regard must be paid to cutting the plants to the general shape of the hedge, but there is no need to prune each individual plant as one does in the case of roses in garden beds.
At the commencement of this century novelty roses imported into Australia seldom exceeded a dozen each year, and one could rely on every one being a novelty in its true sense-a definite advance in some way. The length of petal, the form, and the freedom of blooming were all improving, and most of the new roses had a strong perfume.
In setting out a year’s programme for work in the rose garden, it must be borne in mind that, firstly, most amateur growers have a daily calling that limits the time available for gardening; secondly, weather conditions govern our activities; and thirdly, rose-growing should be a pleasure and not a burden. The work must be fairly evenly distributed week by week.